The US’ trade deficit stems from its extremely low natio

nal savings rate and has to be compensated by other countries’ national savings, which in tu

rn adds to the trade deficit. On the other hand, China’s efficiency in the manufacturing industry makes it a lar

ge exporter of manufactured goods to the US and helps it sustain its high savings rate.

A high growth rate means higher trade deficit for US

Given that the US economy is driven by domestic demand, consumpt

ion in particular, instead of exports, a high rate of ec

onomic growth will widen the trade deficit, as it would have to import more products than it exports. In such a sit

uation, the implementation of large-scale infrastructure construction projects would further increase the trade deficit.

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Separately, on the same day, the US Commerce Department

said it would be adding Huawei and its 70 affiliates to an Entity List, which will ban the compan

y from buying parts and components of US companies without prior government approval.

Gao Feng, spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce, said at a briefing that the con

cept of national security “should not be used as a tool for trade protectionism”.

“China strongly opposes other countries imposing unilateral sanctions on Chinese entities,” Gao said.

He called on the US to stop its wrongful behavior and make more efforts to create conditions for normal international trade cooperation.

Huawei has been increasing its 5G commercial contracts worldwide, with more countries giving the com

pany a vote of confidence. But it is facing security allegations from the US, which Huawei has said are unfounded.

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Henrik Slotte, a senior disaster management expert fro

m the UN Environment Program, said poorly managed infrastructure projects can damage the ecosystem.

He said it is key for scientists to communicate with government officials to create better planning and new solut

ions, and more interdisciplinary research into natural disasters and risk management is also helpful.

Guanxi, compadrazgo and bapakism. Three words from China, the Philip

pines and Indonesia that encapsulate the same values of the vast continent through the ag

es-a shared belief in the importance of the family and the community over the individual.

These values, rooted on Asia’s culture and history and centered on consens

us, social harmony, stability and discipline, are more important and relevant than ever i

n the face of challenges-such as protectionism and terrorism-confronting the world today.

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The Information Technology Industry Council also w

arned against further raising tariffs. “Increasing tariffs will only continue to harm America

n consumers and businesses of all sizes and across all sectors, as well as threat en American econ

omic growth and leadership in innovation,” said Naomi Wilson, the council’s senior director of policy for Asia.

US chemical manufacturers also called for sensible trade policy solutions.

Cal Dooley, president and CEO of the American Chemistry Council, said on Monday he believed t

he risks of continuing to use tariffs as a negotiating tactic with China are simply too high, and potential benefits remain unclear.

Several organizations, including Tariffs Hurt the Heartland — the national campaign compose

d of more than 150 of the largest US trade organizations in retail, technology, manufacturing and agric

ulture — have in recent days highlighted the negative impact of tariff increases on the US economy and job market.

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Reflecting China’s increasing global footprint, the next

 decade is likely to be driven by greater global financial sector integration,” said Alfred Schip

ke, the International Monetary Fund’s senior resident representative for China.

Chinese students are increasingly diversifying their choices of destinations for overseas stud

ies, with more students choosing to go to the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada, a new report showed.

In a multiple choice survey for the annual Report on Chinese Students’ Overseas Study, released

on Tuesday, while the United States remains the most popular destination for overseas study this year, pref

erred by 43 percent of the respondents, this was down by 8 percentage points compared with 2015.

US dominance looks uncertain as the number of students inclined to study in the UK r

ose sharply in 2019, accounting for 41 percent, up 9 percentage points compared with 2015.

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The company will consider adding employees, researc

ch and field development resources to expand in the Chinese market over the coming years, he said.

Ministry of Commerce spokesman Gao Feng said last month that the two countries’ negotiating teams are hashing out the text of a deal, including an enforcem

ent mechanism, based on mutual respect and benefit. Both countries, the world’s two biggest ec

onomies, have been intensifying their consultations and aiming to break the deadlock in a timely manner.

In the ninth round of trade consultations, negotiators discussed tec

hnology transfers, protection of intellectual property rights, non-tariff measures, the s

ervice sector, agriculture, trade imbalances and enforcement mechanisms.

Trade between China and the US amounted to 815.86 billion yuan ($121.7 billion) in t

he first quarter of the year, an 11 percent year-on-year decline, according to the General Administration of Cus

toms. In March, Sino-US trade climbed 0.1 percent to 291.35 billion yuan, according to the administration.

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The volunteer team, having stayed in Lunar Palace

an environmentally contained research facility where occupants simulated l

ong-duration self-contained missions with no outside inputs for 200 days — broke the previous

record of 180 days set by researchers in Russia. The team recently won a China May Fourth Medal.

“President Xi has called upon young people to overcome hardships, and that is what our team has been doing,” Yi said.

Qiu Shuiping, Party secretary of Peking University, said the learning institution is pro

ud to be part of history. The university has chosen May 4 as the day to celebrate its founding.

“The choice of the date indicates our resolve to move forward along the path set by the movem

ent to realize national rejuvenation,” he said. “Our teachers and students will work harder to accelerate the

pace of building Peking University into a world-leading academic institution.”

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Xi added that the two countries should jointly prom

mote the building of the Asia-Pacific free trade zone and maintain the multilateral trading system.

He said China and Latin American countries should support each other, make full use

of their complementary advantages and achieve win-win cooperation. The two sides should pursue comm

on development and jointly build a community with a shared future for China and Latin America, Xi added.

The Chilean president said the Belt and Road Initiative, put forward by Xi, has show

n the glorious history of the ancient Silk Road and promoted exchanges between different cultures in the new era.

Chile supports the building of the Belt and Road, and it hopes t

o learn from China’s experience in innovative and green development, he said.

Pinera said Chile, which is dedicated to maintaining multilateralism and the multilateral t

rading system, would like to enhance coordination with China on regional and multilateral affairs.

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He said seeing is believing and he welcomes the stude

nts to visit China in the future.Kendra Le, a Niles North freshman, was thrilled about Xi’s response letter, the Chicago Tribune reported.

“I was surprised, very surprised,” Le was quoted in the report as say

ing. “It was an honor to receive a letter from him. It was really nice getting a letter from him.”

The report also said that Zhao Jian, the Chinese consul general in Chicago, personally

delivered the letter to a gathering of students enrolled in Chinese classes at Niles North on April 3.

Serena Meyers, a Niles North senior taking her first year of Chinese after thr

ee terms of Spanish, was not only happy to receive the response, but also ple

ased at how the Chinese leader made an effort to answer the questions her classmates posed.

“I was absolutely surprised,” she told the Chicago Tribune. “He has a lot to do and it was a

n honor he wrote back to us.”The Niles North High School began offering Mandarin courses in 2008.

daochuwan.cn

On investment, members of the cooperation mechan

nism will provide a fair and just environment and a level playing

field for foreign companies doing business in their own countries by upholding the principl

es of mutual respect, mutual benefit and fair competition, according to the guidelines.

On the role and significance of China-CEEC cooperation, the guidelines said the mechan

ism constitutes an important part of Europe-China relationship and complements the EU-China Compre

hensive Strategic Partnership and the EU-China 2020 Strategic Agenda for Cooperation.

Reaffirming their commitment to deepening their partnership for peace, growth, reform a

nd civilization, the participants to the leaders’ meeting expressed their support for the early conclu

sion of an ambitious EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment, said the guidelines.

On the Belt and Road Initiative, the participants said they recognize the importance

of the initiative and the EU Strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia and welcome forging synergies between them.

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